Background[ edit ] By the early s, the Cross-Harbour Tunnel CHT was already stretched beyond its designed capacity of 80, vehicle-trips daily, with in excess of ,
Strange legends have persisted for centuries about the mysterious cavern world and the equally strange beings who inhabit it. More UFOlogists have considered the possibility that UFOs may be emanating from subterranean bases, that UFO aliens have constructed these bases to carry out various missions involving Earth or humans.
Belief in a subterranean world has been handed down as myth, tale, or rumor down the generations from all over the world. Some of these stories date back to ancient times and tell tales of fantastic flora and fauna that can be found in the caverns of ancient races. A legendary large cavern supposedly exists below Kokoweef Peak in southwestern California.
Earl Dorr, a miner and prospector, followed clues given to him by Indians. He entered Crystal Cave in the thirties and followed a passage down into Kokoweef Mountain until he attained a depth of about a mile. There, he entered a large cavern which he proceeded to explore for a distance of eight miles.
At the bottom of the cavern, a river flowed, rising and falling with the lunar tides, and depositing black sands rich in placer gold along its banks. One day, crazed by fever, Dorr used dynamite to seal shut the entrance to his fabulous cavern, and started a legend that still lures men to seek the fabled wealth below Kokoweef.
Nowhere is the belief in a subterranean world more prevalent than with the Indians of North America. The Hopis believed they emerged from a world below the earth through a tunnel at the base of the San Francisco peaks near Flagstaff. There are also legends about mysterious Mount Shasta in northern California.
The mountain is said to have housed a race of surviving Lemurians who built a sanctuary in the depths of the earth to escape the catastrophes which befell them. These Lumerians allied themselves with space travelers who built a saucer base inside the mountain.
Whether ancient cities exist in caverns below the earth is anyone's guess, but it's a fact that governments have built underground tunnels and facilities for a variety of reasons.
The Chinese, Russians, Vietnamese all built subterranean tunnels and bases. It shouldn't come as a surprise that America has been building its own underground world. An elusive report in the August 7, edition of U. News and World Report, reveals the secret plan to carry on government in case of a disaster.
The article stated that COG is the government's ultimate insurance policy should Armageddon ever arrive, providing the program runs smoothly. Ina new secret agency, the Defense Mobilization Planning Systems Agency was created and reports to the President.
In the event of a nuclear attack, special teams equipped with war plans, military codes, and other essential data would accompany each designated presidential successor to secret command posts around the country. There are 50 of these underground command post bunkers located in 10 different regions of the country, and each is linked with others via satellite or ground-wave relays.
Air Force sponsored research in deep underground construction as early as The RAND corporation carried out this research, and published proceedings from symposiums held on the subject of construction methods and equipment, utility installation, and the use of nuclear bursts to produce underground cavities.
A great concern to underground construction engineers was the problem of ventilation. They considered it advisable to take into account all types of ventilation contamination, and not just radioactive fallout. Underground works included ingresses, egresses, and accommodations.
The first two are generally provided for by shafts or tunnels, while the third requires larger openings, such as halls, chambers, cells, vaults, or other open spaces.
Many problems in design and construction are common to all three, but the problems associated with the larger openings in the rock, required for accommodation purposes, are generally more complex and difficult than those for the smaller openings of tunnels or shafts.
Operation and maintenance of underground installations can also pose special problems.
Huge boring machines with large-diameter disc-grinders are used in constructing tunnels. Tunnels are needed to link one accommodation area to another, or one facility to another. The English Chunnel project is the largest engineering project in Europe, and w links France and England through a three-tunnel railway.
The eleven boring machines used in the project were so large and so long that they were assembled in underground areas 65 feet high.As a follow-up to Tuesday’s post about the majority-minority public schools in Oslo, the following brief account reports the latest statistics on the cultural enrichment of schools in Austria.
Vienna is the most fully enriched location, and seems to be in roughly the same situation as Oslo. Many thanks to Hermes for the translation from srmvision.com The Western Harbour Crossing (abbreviation WHC, 西隧) is a dual 3-lane immersed tube tunnel in Hong Kong.
It is the third road tunnel to cross Victoria Harbour, linking the newly reclaimed land in Yau Ma Tei on Kowloon West with Sai Ying Pun on Hong Kong Island.
the proposed Western Harbour Tunnel and Beaches Link.
The Western Harbour Tunnel would connect to WestConnex financial analysis, discussions with the private sector over funding options, community HARBOUR WESTERN BEACHES LINK TUNNEL BALGOWLAH CONNECTION Northern Beaches Hospital NORTH SYDNEY . Railway Magazine.
This is a very long term project, although simpler than some of the other sub-projects as the Railway Magazine is widely available, unlike The Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers which is absurdly rare, or even British Railway srmvision.comn items will not be indexed in depth, notably locomotive practice and performance, and short paragraphs, unless "they.
Analysis of Western Harbour Tunnel Essay Abstract This is the second part of the assessment for this module, I required to choose the one of the PPP in Hong Kong, Western Harbour Tunnel (WHT) which to analysis and critical evaluate its management system.
Jul 26, · Cross Harbour Holdings has a 50% stake in WHTC which is valued at about HKD 3 billion thus yielding the book value in Cross-Harbour Holdings statement of about billion HKD.
WHTC has the operating rights to the Western Tunnel until