Psychological theories, meanwhile, seek to explain the reasons people behave as they do.
This qualitative research tool relies on a variety of techniques to achieve context-rich, detailed information about a single group or issue. Historically, case studies reflect the postmodern view of research, which emphasizes inductive and subjective methods Casestudy on industrial psychology than deductive and objective approaches to assessing behavior within context.
Case studies have been used extensively in the political science, sociology, and education literature. Because of the inherent flexibility of this method of study, case studies can be used to move beyond the extant empirical or theoretical literature to investigate creative and innovative solutions to organizationally relevant problems.
There are many types of case studies, each reflecting a different method of addressing the research question under investigation. Delbert Miller and Neil Salkind identified four general types of cases: The case individuals or organizations itself is of interest.
An examination of best practices for Web-based training within a single technologically advanced organization is an example of an intrinsic case study. The research question involves the examination and description of a specific issue in the context of a single unit of study; the case is used as a means to explore this question.
For example, the abuse of skill-based pay plans could be researched in an organization that recently implemented this pay system to illustrate how important guidelines are to appropriate expenditures.
Multiple cases either individuals or organizations are used to explore an issue. One application of this method could be an examination of selection practices for assembly line workers in four different automotive organizations. Multiple cases provide evidence in support of a point. For example, organizations that recently implemented a degree feedback system could be selected to support the argument that these systems are most appropriate for developmental purposes.
Data Collection and Analysis The design and incorporation of hypotheses depends on the nature of the research.
Like traditional quantitative research, theory and expectations should guide the design of qualitative research when possible. The identification and number of participants should reflect this theory and boundaries.
However, in some instances, case studies are used as the primary tool for theory building, making it difficult for the researcher to identify expectations or propositions prior to designing the study. In other instances, the case study may be used to verify existing theory with one or more organizations in context; in this situation, expectations or hypotheses should be explicated prior to designing the study.
Yin identified a number of techniques that can be used to conduct case study research. These include participant observation, direct observation, interviews, document analysis, archival data analysis, and field studies. Thorough explication of the methodology and participants involved in the case study is critical to enhancing perceptions of the generalizability and meaningfulness of the findings.
Additionally, the use of multiple standardized methods to triangulate across sources can bolster the representativeness of case study results. Once the data are collected, analysis traditionally progresses in one of two ways: This analysis may occur within a single case, across individuals, or across multiple cases.
If the researcher is interested in the information obtained as a whole rather than smaller units of meaning, the holistic method of analysis is used. In this instance, general patterns or themes of behavior are identified in the data.
Alternatively, elements of the material gathered can be coded to quantify the prevalence of certain themes or behaviors across individuals or organizations. Because of the subjective nature of the coding process, the use of multiple coders and some assessment of intercoder reliability e.
Strengths of the Case Study Method The main benefit of case study research is the depth of information provided about a single unit person, organization, or issue within context.
This detailed information, often referred to as thick descriptions, provides a real-world context in which the processes under investigation can be better understood. Because it focuses on the context of events and behaviors, this type of research may be more relevant to the practitioner than mean-level, quantitative survey data.
Case study research may also benefit theory building and result in more robust theories that reflect contextual influences.A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event.
Much of Freud's work and theories were developed through the use of individual case studies. Some great examples of case studies in psychology include Anna O, Phineas Gage, and Genie. Documents Similar To Case Study on Industrial Psychology. Natural Disasters and the Decisions That Follow.
Uploaded by. nadeemrulz Scope of Industrial Psychology. Uploaded by. Prabh Mokha. Chapter6-Case Incident 1. Uploaded by. Figen Tas. NATURE AND SCOPE OF INDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY (IP) Uploaded by. Barbara Khavugwi Makhaya.5/5(7). Open access academic research from top universities on the subject of Industrial and Organizational Psychology.
Our BSocSciHons (Psychology) degree opens up avenues of employment in an extensive range of public and private sector enterprises including but not limited to community mental health, applied psychology, human resources, organizational development, industrial relations, education, research, and .
Industrial-organizational psychology is the branch of psychology that applies psychological theories and principles to organizations.
Often referred to as I-O psychology, this field focuses on increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and mental well-being of employees.
The development of the Encyclopedia of Case Study Research was exciting and challenging. It provided an opportunity to expose a large number of researchers to the value of case study research, but it also offered the challenge of making it interesting and understandable .