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What does this result in? Most criminal justice agents are men, thus, the the criminal justice system is more lenient with women, hence they are underrepresented in crime statistics. Chivalry Thesis What evidence do Graham and Bowling give for the chivalry thesis?
Flood-Page et al found only 1 in 11 female self-reported offenders had been cautioned or prosecuted whereas it was 1 in 7 for males. What gave evidence for this? Buckle and Farrington, in an observational study in a department store, found 2x more males shoplifted than females: OCS show an equal chance for males and females shoplifting therefore maybe males are less likely to be prosecuted.
Farrington and Morris - in a study of sentencing of theft offences. Heidensohn argues that courts test females more harshly than males when they deviate from social norms: Feminists argue that these double standards exist because the justice system is patriarchal.
Walklate argyes it is the victim that is on trial in rape cases as she has to prove her respectability to have evidence accepted. Fill in the blanks: A higher proportion of female than male offenders are convicted of [property offences] except [burglary].
A higher proportion of male than female offenders are convicted of [violent] or [sexual] offences. Males are more likely to be [repeat] offenders, to have [longer criminal careers] and to commit more serious crimes.
For example, men are about 15 times more likely to be convicted of homicide. What two arguments have been put forward in support of the view that the amount of female offending is underestimated? Typically female crimes such as shoplifting are less likely to be reported,eg shoplifting and prostitution.
The invisibility of female crime: Under-reporting According to Pollok, why are the public less likely to report female crime?Start studying Crime and Deviance - Gender, Crime and Justice.
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Evidence supporting chivalry thesis: Graham and Bowling Feminists are against the chivalry thesis, and think that the CJS is against them. evidence for the chivalry thesis Graham & Bowling- males were times more likely to admit to committing a crime but official statistics show males are 4 times more likely to commit a crime Hood- women are one third less likely to be jailed.
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