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Some Thoughts on Psychological Report Writing The following notes include some thoughts of "models" for writing psychological reports. Practical and Philosophical Jibberish about Testing Inservice by Greg Nail Mississippi State Hospital June 20, There is no consensus of opinion on the "correct" way to write a psychological report.
The purpose of the current meanderings is to discuss some of the possible approaches to assessment and report writing. The goal is to offer an improved sense of purpose and direction to the process of producing a useful psychological evaluation.
This discussion will begin with a presentation of several "models" of psychological reports. The strengths and weaknesses of each model will be noted. An argument will be made for using one particular model of report i. The discussion will then turn to the different "levels" of reports.
I have chosen the word "levels" to differentiate these reports in test case writing approaches to communicate a personal bias toward the third, or highest, level, which I believe is a goal worth pursuing in most reports.
Finally, I have included a link to a page describing a recommended report format which has evolved with input from a number of peers. In the Test Oriented Model, results are discussed on a test-by-test basis.
Each test is listed by name and significant results for that test are presented. Each test is generally discussed in a separate paragraph. Little or no effort is made to compare and contrast data between the various tests at least not in the "Results of Assessment" section.
The strength of this approach is that it makes clear the source of each piece of data. This could be important in certain settings, such as forensic reports. The weakness of this model is that the reader's attention becomes focussed on the tests, rather than on the client's adaptive functioning.
It also communicates to the reader that psychological assessment is a low-level, technical skill which involves little more than giving the test and copying some interpretive statements out of a manual.
The Test Oriented Model was used extensively in past, but has become increasingly unpopular in recent years. In the Domain Oriented Model, results are grouped according to abilities or "functional domains". Separate paragraphs are usually devoted to such topics as intellectual ability, interpersonal skills, psychosocial stressors, coping techniques, intrapersonal needs, motivational factors, depression, psychotic features, etc.
This model is useful when there is no specific referral question and you're not certain what use will be made of your data. For example, little background information may be available on a newly admitted patient. You're not sure why he was admitted or what factors precipitated the admission.
Therefore, its hard to know which portions of your data will be useful to the treatment team. The Domain Oriented Model is also common in neuropsychological reports, where a variety of providers may eventually become involved in the case.
Each provider will focus on separate parts of the report to assist in a specific aspect of intervention. This approach is also helpful when assessment is being used to monitor treatment progress.
It allows you to monitor changes in the client's functioning across a wide variety of areas. The weakness of the Domain Oriented approach is that the reader may be presented with a lot of information that has little relevance to his intended intervention.
He may become so distracted by parts of the report he doesn't understand, that he fails to focus on information which could be helpful to him.
This model is sometimes pejoratively referred to as a "shotgun" approach, referring to its apparent effort to hit all the possible target issues. In the Hypothesis Testing Model, results are focussed on possible answers to the referral question s.
The idea is to present a hypothesis in the "Purpose for Evaluation" section, then present data systematically to support or refute the hypothesis. Tests are rarely mentioned by name.
If the integration of this information is consistent with the history and the mental status exam, it is included in a paragraph dealing with depression. The strength of this model lies in its efficiency and concise focus on the referral problem.Hello, If there exists multiple variants of the same test case for example if the same test case had be executed for different countries or different lines of business where the input and output varies but overall steps of execution remains same then below approach i feel would be the better approaches can be used based on the underlying logic or the .
In computer programming, unit testing is a software testing method by which individual units of source code, sets of one or more computer program modules together with associated control data, usage procedures, and operating procedures, are tested to determine whether they are fit for use.
A Simplistic Approach to Writing Test Cases – The Black Box way. Article by. Swastika Nandi - a guest publisher of the article. Before gathering knowledge on how to write test case methods, we have to know what basically a test case is! A well-written test case should allow any tester to understand and execute the test.
When writing test cases, it’s important to put yourself in the user’s shoes and include all the necessary details.
i ABSTRACT Environmental education: improving student achievement Oksana Bartosh The present research, being one strand of the Environmental Education. Test-driven development (TDD) is a software development process that relies on the repetition of a very short development cycle: requirements are turned into very specific test cases, then the software is improved to pass the new tests, srmvision.com is opposed to software development that allows software to be added that is not proven to meet requirements.