The Welfare of the Community Government grants pit the right to freedom against the right to a minimum level of well-being By Joseph Westfall Joseph Westfall When Congress and the president negotiated over welfare reform ina key element of the debate was whether government aid should continue to be an entitlement, a grant the poor receive solely by virtue of being poor.
Animal rights versus animal welfare The difference between animal rights and animal welfare has been summed up like this: Animal rights advocates are campaigning for no cages, while animal welfarists are campaigning for bigger cages.
Animal rights supporters believe that it is morally wrong to use or exploit animals in any way and that human beings should not do so. Animal welfare supporters believe that it can be morally acceptable for human beings to use or exploit animals, as long as: For people who think like this, the suffering to animals is at the heart of the issue, and reducing the suffering reduces the wrong that is done.
Supporters of animal rights don't think that doing wrong things humanely makes them any less wrong. Do animals need rights? Animals don't need rights to deserve protection; a good moral case can made for treating them well and considering their interests that doesn't involve accepting animal rights.
Many animal lovers think animals don't just deserve protection in a paternalistic way. They say that animals have rights that must be respected.
Rights are much more important than interests, because rights impose a burden on others that the other parties must accept. If animals do have rights then there are certain things that human beings should not do to animals, because doing them would violate the animal's rights.
This applies regardless of the cost to human beings. If humanity must suffer some disadvantage as the consequence of respecting animal rights, then that's the way it has to be.
Which animals have rights? Nobody thinks that all animals should have rights - the question is where to draw the line.
One elegant phrase suggests that animal rights should be restricted to those animals that "have a biography, not merely a biology. Although we already know many animals have senses of humour!
Human rights versus animal rights No-one suggests that animals should have all the same rights as human beings. There are many rights that are entirely irrelevant to animals, such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech, the right to vote, the right to an education and so on.
The human consequences of animal rights Accepting that non-human animals have rights requires human beings to accept that: For example, it means that human beings can't use non-human animals in medical experiments - even if this restriction will lead to the death of many human beings from a disease for which a cure might be discovered through animal experimentation.Are you sure you want to remove The right to welfare and other essays from your list?
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Other suppliers National Library of Australia - Copies Direct The National Library may be able to supply you with a photocopy or electronic copy of all or part of this item, for a fee, depending on copyright . For Gingrich and other welfare opponents, everyone possesses a right to freedom.
In other words, people have a justifiable claim to be left alone by others. This dissertation consists of three essays related to the e ects of welfare reform on the intergenerational transmission of welfare participation as well as e ects on labor sup- ply and childcare arrangements.
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