But that I aske, why the fifthe man Was not husband to the Samaritan?
Of France, and of Britain, and of Rome the grand. Arthur is the chief subject of the Matter of Britain, along with stories related to the legendary kings of the Britishas well as lesser-known topics related to the history of Great Britain and Brittanysuch as the stories of Brutus of TroyCoel HenLeir of Britain King Learand Gogmagog.
Several agendas thus can be seen in this body of literature.
The Historia Brittonumthe earliest known source of the story of Brutus of Troy, may have been devised to create a distinguished genealogy for a number of Welsh princes in the 9th century. Traditionally attributed to Nenniusits actual compiler is unknown; it exists in several recensions.
This tale went on to achieve greater currency because its inventor linked Brutus to the diaspora of heroes that followed the Trojan Warand thus provided raw material which later mythographers such as Geoffrey of MonmouthMichael Draytonand John Milton could draw upon, linking the settlement of Britain to the heroic age of Greek literaturefor their several and diverse literary purposes.
Geoffrey of Monmouth also introduced the fanciful claim that the Trinovantesreported by Tacitus as dwelling in the area of Londonhad a name he interpreted as Troi-novant, "New Troy ". Various Celtic deities have been identified with characters from Arthurian literature as well: Morgan le Fay was often thought to have originally been the Welsh goddess Modron cf.
Many of these identifications come from the speculative comparative religion of the late 19th century, and have been questioned in more recent years.
William Shakespeare was interested in the legendary history of Britain, and was familiar with some of its more obscure byways.
Other early authors also drew from the early Arthurian and pseudo-historical sources of the Matter of Britain.
While they do eventually become factual lines, unlike those of Geoffrey, their origins are vague and often incorporate both aspects of mythical British history and mythical Irish history. Arthurian cycle[ edit ] The Arthurian literary cycle is the best known part of the Matter of Britain.
It has succeeded largely because it tells two interlocking stories that have intrigued many later authors. One concerns Camelotusually envisioned as a doomed utopia of chivalric virtue, undone by the fatal flaws of Arthur and Sir Lancelot.
The other concerns the quests of the various knights to achieve the Holy Grail ; some succeed GalahadPercivaland others fail Lancelot.
The medieval tale of Arthur and his knights is full of Christian themes; those themes involve the destruction of human plans for virtue by the moral failures of their characters, and the quest for an important Christian relic.
Finally, the relationships between the characters invited treatment in the tradition of courtly lovesuch as Lancelot and Guinevereor Tristan and Iseult.
In more recent years, the trend has been to attempt to link the tales of King Arthur and his knights with Celtic mythology, usually in highly romanticized, early 20th century reconstructed versions.
The work of Jessie Westonin particular From Ritual to Romancetraced Arthurian imagery through Christianity to roots in early nature worship and vegetation rites, though this interpretation is no longer fashionable.What is the Wife of Bath's point when she asks "Who painted first the lion, tell me who?" To what fable is she alluding?
What does she mean to imply about all those old books written about how evil women are? The Lais of Marie de France Questions and Answers.
The Question and Answer section for The Lais of Marie de France is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Love is the central theme of the two stories Lanval, by Marie De France, and The Prologue and Tale of the Wife of Bath in The Canterbury Tales, by Geoffery Chaucer.
The authors have very similar opinions about the nature of love and how people react to being in love. English , British Literature. Every time Sir Lancelot sneaks into her room, he woos her. Courtly love is present in the overall themes of love and betrayal. Sir Lancelot's betrayal of his King, whom he is required to serve under the chivalric code, and love because Sir Lancelot fights all the knights that come after him when he is Guinevere's.
Love is the central theme of the two stories "Lanval", by Marie De France, and "The Prologue and Tale of the Wife of Bath" in The Canterbury Tales, by Geoffery Chaucer.
The authors have very similar opinions about the nature of love and how people react to being in love. Wife of Bath Bath is an English town on the Avon River, not the name of this woman's husband. Though she is a seamstress by occupation, she seems to be a professional wife.